The constitution of the Republic of Ghana requires in article 60 (4) that after a Presidential candidate of a particular political party wins an election, his/her Vice-Presidential candidate, must also be promoted to Vice President by means of elections.
He is subsequently made to pledge an oath of allegiance as spelled out in the same constitution.
The President, after the elections cannot in any way dismiss from office, the Vice President. The reason is that, both officers were elected by the voter populace and have been sworn into office by the Chief Justice.
The history of Vice President in Ghana dates back to 1979. The office of the Vice President was officially embedded into the constitution of Ghana in 1992 under article 60 (10).
The two main political parties in the country, The National Democratic Congress (NDC) and the New Patriotic Party (NPP) have had their share from the twenty-eight years of constitutional elections in Ghana.
The NDC has over the years paraded some fine personalities as running mates from the Presidency of Jerry John Rawlings to Mr. John Dramani Mahama.
Among all the personalities, only one has been a female.
Below are the Vice Presidents the NDC has had since January 1993 and their tribes.
Mr. Kow Nkesen Arkaah, was the Vice President from January 7, 1993 to 6th January, 1997. He hails from Senya Bereku in the Central Region of Ghana.
Professor John Evans Atta Mills, is also from Otuam in the Mfantsiman East Constituency of the Central Region. He was the Vice President of Ghana from 7th January 1997 to January 6th 2001.
John Dramani Mahama was the Vice President of Ghana from January 7, 2009 to 24th July, 2012. He is from Bole in the Northern Region of Ghana.
Papa Kwesi Amissah Arthur is also from Cape Coast in the Central Region of Ghana. He served as Vice President from August 6 2012 to January 6 2017.
Professor Jane Naana Opoku Agyemang is also from Komenda in the Central Region of Ghana. She was appointed on Monday 6th July, 2020 running mate to partner Mr. John Dramani Mahama for the December, 2020 general elections.